When a private company decides to “go public”, it does so through an Initial Public Offering (IPO). An IPO is the private company’s first sale of stock on the public market. Benefits of going public can include a permanent and liquid source of capital for the company, and the company can increase their brand and name recognition through broadcasting their corporate narratives, which suggests legitimacy and stability. (Joe Bou-Saba, Forbes). Although the number of domestic companies listed on U.S. stock exchanges increased in the mid-1990’s, that number has since dropped by nearly half. (Editorial Board, Bloomberg; Michael Wursthorn and Gregory Zuckerman, Wall Street Journal). A study by the Center for Research in Security Prices at University of Chicago’s Booth School of Business reported in the Wall Street Journal showed that in 1996 there were over 7,400 companies listed on U.S. stock exchanges, and today that number is less than half. (Michael Wursthorn and Gregory Zuckerman, Wall Street Journal).Read More
On September 20th of this year, fashion industry giants Michael Kors Holdings Limited (“Michael Kors”) and Gianni Versace S.p.A. (“Versace”) issued a joint press release announcing that Michael Kors would purchase Versace for $2.12 billion. (Katina Metzidakis, Business Wire). The transaction is expected to be completed in Michael Kors’ fourth quarter, which ends April 1, 2019. (Michael Kors Holdings Limited, 2018 Annual Report). When the transaction is complete, the company will be renamed Capri Holdings Limited (“Capri”), after the famed Italian island “long recognized as an iconic, glamorous and luxury destination.” (Katina Metzidakis, Business Wire). This post provides an overview of the transaction and its anticipated effects.Read More
Vertical mergers, unlike more-litigated horizontal mergers, are governed by few guidelines from antitrust regulatory organizations and, until recently, had never been challenged in federal court. The approval of a vertical merger between AT&T and Time Warner (“The Merger”), despite protests from the Antitrust Department of the U.S. Department of Justice (DOJ), has shed some light on merger control rules for vertical mergers. This post provides an overview of: (1) vertical merger laws; (2) The Merger; and (3) the governing principles that have emerged since the approval of the AT&T transaction. (Noah Brumfield, Antitrust & Trade Regulation Report (BNA)).Read More
Following the appointment of Chairman Joseph Simons to the Federal Trade Commission (FTC), large tech companies including Google, Facebook, and Amazon should expect tougher enforcement against anti-competitive behavior. In recent years, the FTC has become increasingly concerned that these large tech companies may be violating antitrust law and limiting competition in the market by acquiring small startups or otherwise vertically integrating.
Simons’ appointment comes at a time when mega-mergers among technology companies are commonplace.Read More